boot windows xp first then ubuntu

Asked by matrixhomer on 2007-08-11

I can't edit the menu 1st in ubuntu. it shows a blank page.
How can I edit a blank page?

Question information

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Status:
Answered
For:
Ubuntu grub Edit question
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Last query:
2007-08-12
Last reply:
2008-10-05

Please post your /boot/grub/menu.lst file here

matrixhomer (cemedele) said : #2

# menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
# grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
# grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
# and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not change this entry to 'saved' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 4

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout 10

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
#hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
# password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader +1
#
# title Linux
# root (hd0,1)
# kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=39a7d47a-bf79-4c09-97a8-ad9a433281d1 ro

## Setup crashdump menu entries
## e.g. crashdump=1
# crashdump=0

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=(hd0,1)

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
## alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
## lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
## lockold=true
# lockold=false

## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenhopt=

## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenkopt=console=tty0

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
## altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
## howmany=7
# howmany=all

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
## memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## ## End Default Options ##

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-15-generic root=UUID=39a7d47a-bf79-4c09-97a8-ad9a433281d1 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-15-generic
quiet
savedefault

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic (recovery mode)
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-15-generic root=UUID=39a7d47a-bf79-4c09-97a8-ad9a433281d1 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-15-generic

title Ubuntu, memtest86+
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
quiet

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

# This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
# ones.
title Other operating systems:
root

# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
# on /dev/hda1
title Microsoft Windows XP Professional
root (hd0,0)
savedefault
makeactive
chainloader +1

Ruben Romero (huayra) said : #3

from ubuntu do:

go to the applications->accesories->terminal

type:
sudo cp /boot/grub/menu.lst /boot/grub/menu.lst_backup

then type:
sudo gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst

and then you should be able to change the list, concentrate on the end of
the file.

if you run in any trouble use the rescue cd (the live CD) and use the backup
file to replace the new file you made.

type this command to copy it back:
sudo cp /boot/grub/menu.lst_backup /boot/grub/menu.lst

Good luck!

R

On 8/12/07, matrixhomer <email address hidden> wrote:
>
> Question #11305 on Ubuntu changed:
> https://answers.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+question/11305
>
> Status: Needs information => Open
>
> matrixhomer gave more information on the question:
> # menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
> # grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
> # grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
> # and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.
>
> ## default num
> # Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0,
> and
> # the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
> #
> # You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default
> entry
> # is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
> # WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not change this entry to 'saved' or
> your
> # array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
> default 4
>
> ## timeout sec
> # Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default
> entry
> # (normally the first entry defined).
> timeout 10
>
> ## hiddenmenu
> # Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
> #hiddenmenu
>
> # Pretty colours
> #color cyan/blue white/blue
>
> ## password ['--md5'] passwd
> # If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive
> editing
> # control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by
> the
> # command 'lock'
> # e.g. password topsecret
> # password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
> # password topsecret
>
> #
> # examples
> #
> # title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
> # root (hd0,0)
> # makeactive
> # chainloader +1
> #
> # title Linux
> # root (hd0,1)
> # kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
> #
>
> #
> # Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST
>
> ### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
> ## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
> ## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below
>
> ## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs
>
> ## ## Start Default Options ##
> ## default kernel options
> ## default kernel options for automagic boot options
> ## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
> ## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
> ## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
> ## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
> ## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
> # kopt=root=UUID=39a7d47a-bf79-4c09-97a8-ad9a433281d1 ro
>
> ## Setup crashdump menu entries
> ## e.g. crashdump=1
> # crashdump=0
>
> ## default grub root device
> ## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
> # groot=(hd0,1)
>
> ## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
> ## e.g. alternative=true
> ## alternative=false
> # alternative=true
>
> ## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
> ## e.g. lockalternative=true
> ## lockalternative=false
> # lockalternative=false
>
> ## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with
> the
> ## alternatives
> ## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
> # defoptions=quiet splash
>
> ## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
> ## e.g. lockold=false
> ## lockold=true
> # lockold=false
>
> ## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
> # xenhopt=
>
> ## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
> # xenkopt=console=tty0
>
> ## altoption boot targets option
> ## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
> ## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
> ## altoptions=(recovery) single
> # altoptions=(recovery mode) single
>
> ## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
> ## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
> ## alternative kernel options
> ## e.g. howmany=all
> ## howmany=7
> # howmany=all
>
> ## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
> ## e.g. memtest86=true
> ## memtest86=false
> # memtest86=true
>
> ## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
> ## can be true or false
> # updatedefaultentry=false
>
> ## ## End Default Options ##
>
> title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic
> root (hd0,1)
> kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-15-genericroot=UUID=39a7d47a-bf79-4c09-97a8-ad9a433281d1 ro quiet splash
> initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-15-generic
> quiet
> savedefault
>
> title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic (recovery mode)
> root (hd0,1)
> kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-15-genericroot=UUID=39a7d47a-bf79-4c09-97a8-ad9a433281d1 ro single
> initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-15-generic
>
> title Ubuntu, memtest86+
> root (hd0,1)
> kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
> quiet
>
> ### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
>
> # This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the
> Debian
> # ones.
> title Other operating systems:
> root
>
>
> # This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux
> OS
> # on /dev/hda1
> title Microsoft Windows XP Professional
> root (hd0,0)
> savedefault
> makeactive
> chainloader +1
>
> --
> You received this question notification because you are an answer
> contact for Ubuntu.
>

ser9_mail (deathstalkerser) said : #4

it is simple:
in the begining of the file it has

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not change this entry to 'saved' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 4

all you have to do is change the "deafult" value to 0

or copy-paste this:
## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not change this entry to 'saved' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 0

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