# Problems with psdSizes and psdCumm in makeCloud function

Dear all,

I used the makeCloud function to generate spheres according to psdSizes and psdCumm, and replaced some of the spheres with polyhedra.

The psd parameters I used are: psdSizes=

size ratio (%)

0-0.01 0

0.01-0.015 50

0.015-0.025 50

But I found that the size of all the generated balls is below 0.015. What is the reason?In addition, there are the following warnings when generating the sphere: The size distribution has been scaled down, how to solve this?

Below is my MWS.

Thanks in advance.

Jie

#######

from yade import polyhedra_

import numpy as np

import math

import random

#Material

m = FrictMat(

n = PolyhedraMat(

O.materials.

#Dimensions

meanSize = 0.05

wallThickness = 0.5*meanSize

distanceToCentre = 0.05

lengthOfBase =0.25

heightOfBase = 0.6

#------

#Make Cloud

sp=pack.

mn,mx=Vector3(

sp.makeCloud(

for center,radius in sp:

if radius<0.015:

t = sphere(

if radius >0.015 and radius < 0.025:

t.state.pos = center # sets polyhedron position according to sphere position

#count numbers

countSPs=0

for b in O.bodies:

if isinstance(

countSPs=

print("number of PotentialBlocks = ", countSPs)

countPol=0

for b in O.bodies:

if isinstance(

countPol=

print("number of Polyhedra = ", countPol)

from yade import qt

v=qt.View()

v.sceneRadius=10.0

v.ortho=True # I activate orthotropic projection, to make visual comparisons easier

O.saveTmp()

## Question information

- Language:
- English Edit question

- Status:
- Answered

- For:
- Yade Edit question

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- Last query:
- 2020-06-24

- Last reply:
- 2020-06-24

Jérôme Duriez (jduriez) said : | #1 |

Hi,

If YADE warns you the size have been scaled down, maybe it's not surprising that you do not get the sizes you asked for ;-)

Reason is that you assigned altogether

- size of the cloud: mn and max attributes

- the number of the spheres

- their volume

And it was impossible for makeCloud to randomly insert that many spheres with these sizes in that volume, without the spheres touching each other.

Solution is to change your use of the function, eg enlarging the mn,max attributes defining the cloud "box".

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