adding an image to language template

Asked by Francisco Christophersen on 2009-04-07

I have been trying to add a local image and a favicon to the language template which shows up every time a site gets blocked, but i had no success.
So far i tried adding:
<img src="block.png">
to /etc/dansguardian/languages/arspanish/template.html
I also tried with:
<img src="file:///etc/dansguardian/languages/arspanish/block.png">
but it didn't work either.
the only thing that worked was
<img src="">
but i would like to use a local file if it's possible.
Another thing i wanted was to set a favicon:
<link rel="icon" href="favicon.png" type="image/png">
but guess what... it didn't work either.

Is there any solution?

Anyway, i wanted to thank you for all your hard work. One of the things i missed when i switched from windows was k9 web protection... until i found WebContentControl, it works great!

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Best KIAaze (zohn-joidberg) said : #1

Mmh, I prepared a .tar.gz, but I can't attach anything here. :(
So instead, I copy-pasted the files at the end of this post.

1)Install apache:
sudo apt-get install apache2

2)Copy favicon.ico (your favicon), frog4.jpg (your image) and template.html (edit as necessary) into /var/www
sudo cp favicon.ico frog4.jpg template.html /var/www/

3)Edit the following lines in /etc/dansguardian/dansguardian.conf as follows:
reportinglevel = 2
accessdeniedaddress = 'http://localhost/template.html'

4)Restart dansguardian

IMPORTANT: Installing apache means that your PC is now a server and that everything in /var/www is potentially accessible from the internet.
I think it's pretty secure by default, but you should still be aware of that.

I haven't found any other way yet to get favicon + image working.
Perhaps you should ask the dansguardian developers.

<link rel="shortcut icon" href="" type="image/x-icon" />
<img src="frog4.jpg" />

<title>DansGuardian - Access Denied</title>

<body bgcolor=#FFFFFF>

<table border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=2 height=540 width=700>
 <td colspan=2 bgcolor=#FEA700 height=100 align=center>
 <font face=arial,helvetica size=6>
 <b>Access has been Denied!</b>
 <td colspan=2 bgcolor=#FFFACD height=30 align=right>
 <font face=arial,helvetica size=3 color=black>
 <td align=center valign=bottom width=150 bgcolor=#B0C4DE>
 <font face=arial,helvetica size=1 color=black>
 <td width=550 bgcolor=#FFFFFF align=center valign=center>
 <font face=arial,helvetica color=black>
 <font size=4>
 Access to the page:
 <a href="-URL-" target="_blank">-URL-</a>
 <font size=3>
 ... has been denied for the following reason:
 <font color=red>
 <font color=black>
 <font color=red>
 <font color=black>
 You are seeing this error because what you attempted to access appears to contain,
 or is labeled as containing, material that has been deemed inappropriate.
 If you have any queries contact your ICT Coordinator or Network Manager.
 <font size=1>
 Powered by <a href="" target="_blank">DansGuardian</a>



The available variables are as follows:
- URL- gives the URL the user was trying to get to.
- REASONGIVEN- gives the nice reason (i.e. not quoting the banned phrase).
- REASONLOGGED- gives the reason that gets logged including full details.
- USER- gives the username if known.
- IP- gives the originating IP.
- HOST- gives the originating hostname if known.
- RAWFILTERGROUP- gives the group number.
- FILTERGROUP- gives the group name.
- SERVERIP- gives the IP address on which the filter is running (correct for multiple filterip lines, but not if filterip option is blank).
- BYPASS- gives URL which allows temporary bypass of denied page
- CATEGORIES- gives the categories assigned to the banned content

You need to remove the space between the - and the variable to use them
in your HTML. They are there above so extra processing is not required.

More example templates are likely to be found on the DansGuardian web site
on the Extras page.

This page was designed by Paul Richards. (

Daniel Barron 2003-09-01

# DansGuardian config file for version

# **NOTE** as of version 2.7.5 most of the list files are now in dansguardianf1.conf

#UNCONFIGURED - Please remove this line after configuration

# Web Access Denied Reporting (does not affect logging)
# -1 = log, but do not block - Stealth mode
# 0 = just say 'Access Denied'
# 1 = report why but not what denied phrase
# 2 = report fully
# 3 = use HTML template file (accessdeniedaddress ignored) - recommended
reportinglevel = 2

# Language dir where languages are stored for internationalisation.
# The HTML template within this dir is only used when reportinglevel
# is set to 3. When used, DansGuardian will display the HTML file instead of
# using the perl cgi script. This option is faster, cleaner
# and easier to customise the access denied page.
# The language file is used no matter what setting however.
languagedir = '/etc/dansguardian/languages'

# language to use from languagedir.
language = 'ukenglish'

# Logging Settings
# 0 = none 1 = just denied 2 = all text based 3 = all requests
loglevel = 2

# Log Exception Hits
# Log if an exception (user, ip, URL, phrase) is matched and so
# the page gets let through. Can be useful for diagnosing
# why a site gets through the filter.
# 0 = never log exceptions
# 1 = log exceptions, but do not explicitly mark them as such
# 2 = always log & mark exceptions (default)
logexceptionhits = 2

# Log File Format
# 1 = DansGuardian format (space delimited)
# 2 = CSV-style format
# 3 = Squid Log File Format
# 4 = Tab delimited
logfileformat = 1

# truncate large items in log lines
#maxlogitemlength = 400

# anonymize logs (blank out usernames & IPs)
#anonymizelogs = on

# Syslog logging
# Use syslog for access logging instead of logging to the file
# at the defined or built-in "loglocation"
#syslog = on

# Log file location
# Defines the log directory and filename.
#loglocation = '/var/log/dansguardian/access.log'

# Statistics log file location
# Defines the stat file directory and filename.
# Only used in conjunction with maxips > 0
# Once every 3 minutes, the current number of IPs in the cache, and the most
# that have been in the cache since the daemon was started, are written to this
# file. IPs persist in the cache for 7 days.
#statlocation = '/var/log/dansguardian/stats'

# Network Settings
# the IP that DansGuardian listens on. If left blank DansGuardian will
# listen on all IPs. That would include all NICs, loopback, modem, etc.
# Normally you would have your firewall protecting this, but if you want
# you can limit it to a certain IP. To bind to multiple interfaces,
# specify each IP on an individual filterip line.
filterip =

# the port that DansGuardian listens to.
filterport = 8080

# the ip of the proxy (default is the loopback - i.e. this server)
proxyip =

# the port DansGuardian connects to proxy on
proxyport = 3128

# accessdeniedaddress is the address of your web server to which the cgi
# dansguardian reporting script was copied. Only used in reporting levels 1 and 2.
# This webserver must be either:
# 1. Non-proxied. Either a machine on the local network, or listed as an exception
# in your browser's proxy configuration.
# 2. Added to the exceptionsitelist. Option 1 is preferable; this option is
# only for users using both transparent proxying and a non-local server
# to host this script.
# Individual filter groups can override this setting in their own configuration.
#accessdeniedaddress = 'http://localhost/cgi-bin/'
accessdeniedaddress = 'http://localhost/template.html'

# Non standard delimiter (only used with accessdeniedaddress)
# To help preserve the full banned URL, including parameters, the variables
# passed into the access denied CGI are separated using non-standard
# delimiters. This can be useful to ensure correct operation of the filter
# bypass modes. Parameters are split using "::" in place of "&", and "==" in
# place of "=".
# Default is enabled, but to go back to the standard mode, disable it.
nonstandarddelimiter = on

# Banned image replacement
# Images that are banned due to domain/url/etc reasons including those
# in the adverts blacklists can be replaced by an image. This will,
# for example, hide images from advert sites and remove broken image
# icons from banned domains.
# on (default) | off
usecustombannedimage = on
custombannedimagefile = '/usr/share/dansguardian/transparent1x1.gif'

# Filter groups options
# filtergroups sets the number of filter groups. A filter group is a set of content
# filtering options you can apply to a group of users. The value must be 1 or more.
# DansGuardian will automatically look for dansguardianfN.conf where N is the filter
# group. To assign users to groups use the filtergroupslist option. All users default
# to filter group 1. You must have some sort of authentication to be able to map users
# to a group. The more filter groups the more copies of the lists will be in RAM so
# use as few as possible.
filtergroups = 1
filtergroupslist = '/etc/dansguardian/lists/filtergroupslist'

# Authentication files location
bannediplist = '/etc/dansguardian/lists/bannediplist'
exceptioniplist = '/etc/dansguardian/lists/exceptioniplist'

# Show weighted phrases found
# If enabled then the phrases found that made up the total which excedes
# the naughtyness limit will be logged and, if the reporting level is
# high enough, reported. on | off
showweightedfound = on

# Weighted phrase mode
# There are 3 possible modes of operation:
# 0 = off = do not use the weighted phrase feature.
# 1 = on, normal = normal weighted phrase operation.
# 2 = on, singular = each weighted phrase found only counts once on a page.
weightedphrasemode = 2

# Positive (clean) result caching for URLs
# Caches good pages so they don't need to be scanned again.
# It also works with AV plugins.
# 0 = off (recommended for ISPs with users with disimilar browsing)
# 1000 = recommended for most users
# 5000 = suggested max upper limit
# If you're using an AV plugin then use at least 5000.
urlcachenumber = 1000
# Age before they are stale and should be ignored in seconds
# 0 = never
# 900 = recommended = 15 mins
urlcacheage = 900

# Clean cache for content (AV) scan results
# By default, to save CPU, files scanned and found to be
# clean are inserted into the clean cache and NOT scanned
# again for a while. If you don't like this then choose
# to disable it.
# (on|off) default = on.
scancleancache = on

# Smart, Raw and Meta/Title phrase content filtering options
# Smart is where the multiple spaces and HTML are removed before phrase filtering
# Raw is where the raw HTML including meta tags are phrase filtered
# Meta/Title is where only meta and title tags are phrase filtered (v. quick)
# CPU usage can be effectively halved by using setting 0 or 1 compared to 2
# 0 = raw only
# 1 = smart only
# 2 = both of the above (default)
# 3 = meta/title
phrasefiltermode = 2

# Lower casing options
# When a document is scanned the uppercase letters are converted to lower case
# in order to compare them with the phrases. However this can break Big5 and
# other 16-bit texts. If needed preserve the case. As of version 2.7.0 accented
# characters are supported.
# 0 = force lower case (default)
# 1 = do not change case
# 2 = scan first in lower case, then in original case
preservecase = 0

# Note:
# If phrasefiltermode and preserve case are both 2, this equates to 4 phrase
# filtering passes. If you have a large enough userbase for this to be a
# worry, and need to filter pages in exotic character encodings, it may be
# better to run two instances on separate servers: one with preservecase 1
# (and possibly forcequicksearch 1) and non ASCII/UTF-8 phrase lists, and one
# with preservecase 0 and ASCII/UTF-8 lists.

# Hex decoding options
# When a document is scanned it can optionally convert %XX to chars.
# If you find documents are getting past the phrase filtering due to encoding
# then enable. However this can break Big5 and other 16-bit texts.
# off = disabled (default)
# on = enabled
hexdecodecontent = off

# Force Quick Search rather than DFA search algorithm
# The current DFA implementation is not totally 16-bit character compatible
# but is used by default as it handles large phrase lists much faster.
# If you wish to use a large number of 16-bit character phrases then
# enable this option.
# off (default) | on (Big5 compatible)
forcequicksearch = off

# Reverse lookups for banned site and URLs.
# If set to on, DansGuardian will look up the forward DNS for an IP URL
# address and search for both in the banned site and URL lists. This would
# prevent a user from simply entering the IP for a banned address.
# It will reduce searching speed somewhat so unless you have a local caching
# DNS server, leave it off and use the Blanket IP Block option in the
# bannedsitelist file instead.
reverseaddresslookups = off

# Reverse lookups for banned and exception IP lists.
# If set to on, DansGuardian will look up the forward DNS for the IP
# of the connecting computer. This means you can put in hostnames in
# the exceptioniplist and bannediplist.
# If a client computer is matched against an IP given in the lists, then the
# IP will be recorded in any log entries; if forward DNS is successful and a
# match occurs against a hostname, the hostname will be logged instead.
# It will reduce searching speed somewhat so unless you have a local DNS server,
# leave it off.
reverseclientiplookups = off

# Perform reverse lookups on client IPs for successful requests.
# If set to on, DansGuardian will look up the forward DNS for the IP
# of the connecting computer, and log host names (where available) rather than
# IPs against requests.
# This is not dependent on reverseclientiplookups being enabled; however, if it
# is, enabling this option does not incur any additional forward DNS requests.
logclienthostnames = off

# Build bannedsitelist and bannedurllist cache files.
# This will compare the date stamp of the list file with the date stamp of
# the cache file and will recreate as needed.
# If a bsl or bul .processed file exists, then that will be used instead.
# It will increase process start speed by 300%. On slow computers this will
# be significant. Fast computers do not need this option. on | off
createlistcachefiles = on

# POST protection (web upload and forms)
# does not block forms without any file upload, i.e. this is just for
# blocking or limiting uploads
# measured in kibibytes after MIME encoding and header bumph
# use 0 for a complete block
# use higher (e.g. 512 = 512Kbytes) for limiting
# use -1 for no blocking
#maxuploadsize = 512
#maxuploadsize = 0
maxuploadsize = -1

# Max content filter size
# Sometimes web servers label binary files as text which can be very
# large which causes a huge drain on memory and cpu resources.
# To counter this, you can limit the size of the document to be
# filtered and get it to just pass it straight through.
# This setting also applies to content regular expression modification.
# The value must not be higher than maxcontentramcachescansize
# The size is in Kibibytes - eg 2048 = 2Mb
# use 0 to set it to maxcontentramcachescansize
maxcontentfiltersize = 256

# Max content ram cache scan size
# This is only used if you use a content scanner plugin such as AV
# This is the max size of file that DG will download and cache
# in RAM. After this limit is reached it will cache to disk
# This value must be less than or equal to maxcontentfilecachescansize.
# The size is in Kibibytes - eg 10240 = 10Mb
# use 0 to set it to maxcontentfilecachescansize
# This option may be ignored by the configured download manager.
maxcontentramcachescansize = 2000

# Max content file cache scan size
# This is only used if you use a content scanner plugin such as AV
# This is the max size file that DG will download
# so that it can be scanned or virus checked.
# This value must be greater or equal to maxcontentramcachescansize.
# The size is in Kibibytes - eg 10240 = 10Mb
maxcontentfilecachescansize = 20000

# File cache dir
# Where DG will download files to be scanned if too large for the
# RAM cache.
filecachedir = '/tmp'

# Delete file cache after user completes download
# When a file gets save to temp it stays there until it is deleted.
# You can choose to have the file deleted when the user makes a sucessful
# download. This will mean if they click on the link to download from
# the temp store a second time it will give a 404 error.
# You should configure something to delete old files in temp to stop it filling up.
# on|off (defaults to on)
deletedownloadedtempfiles = on

# Initial Trickle delay
# This is the number of seconds a browser connection is left waiting
# before first being sent *something* to keep it alive. The
# *something* depends on the download manager chosen.
# Do not choose a value too low or normal web pages will be affected.
# A value between 20 and 110 would be sensible
# This may be ignored by the configured download manager.
initialtrickledelay = 20

# Trickle delay
# This is the number of seconds a browser connection is left waiting
# before being sent more *something* to keep it alive. The
# *something* depends on the download manager chosen.
# This may be ignored by the configured download manager.
trickledelay = 10

# Download Managers
# These handle downloads of files to be filtered and scanned.
# They differ in the method they deal with large downloads.
# Files usually need to be downloaded 100% before they can be
# filtered and scanned before being sent on to the browser.
# Normally the browser can just wait, but with content scanning,
# for example to AV, the browser may timeout or the user may get
# confused so the download manager has to do some sort of
# 'keep alive'.
# There are various methods possible but not all are included.
# The author does not have the time to write them all so I have
# included a plugin systam. Also, not all methods work with all
# browsers and clients. Specifically some fancy methods don't
# work with software that downloads updates. To solve this,
# each plugin can support a regular expression for matching
# the client's user-agent string, and lists of the mime types
# and extensions it should manage.
# Note that these are the matching methods provided by the base plugin
# code, and individual plugins may override or add to them.
# See the individual plugin conf files for supported options.
# The plugins are matched in the order you specify and the last
# one is forced to match as the default, regardless of user agent
# and other matching mechanisms.
downloadmanager = '/etc/dansguardian/downloadmanagers/fancy.conf'
#downloadmanager = '/etc/dansguardian/downloadmanagers/trickle.conf'
downloadmanager = '/etc/dansguardian/downloadmanagers/default.conf'

# Content Scanners (Also known as AV scanners)
# These are plugins that scan the content of all files your browser fetches
# for example to AV scan. The options are limitless. Eventually all of
# DansGuardian will be plugin based. You can have more than one content
# scanner. The plugins are run in the order you specify.
# This is one of the few places you can have multiple options of the same name.
# Some of the scanner(s) require 3rd party software and libraries eg clamav.
# See the individual plugin conf file for more options (if any).
#contentscanner = '/etc/dansguardian/contentscanners/clamav.conf'
#!! Not compiled !! contentscanner = '/etc/dansguardian/contentscanners/clamdscan.conf'
#!! Unimplemented !! contentscanner = '/etc/dansguardian/contentscanners/kavav.conf'
#!! Not compiled !! contentscanner = '/etc/dansguardian/contentscanners/kavdscan.conf'
#contentscanner = '/etc/dansguardian/contentscanners/icapscan.conf'
#contentscanner = '/etc/dansguardian/contentscanners/commandlinescan.conf'

# Content scanner timeout
# Some of the content scanners support using a timeout value to stop
# processing (eg AV scanning) the file if it takes too long.
# If supported this will be used.
# The default of 60 seconds is probably reasonable.
contentscannertimeout = 60

# Content scan exceptions
# If 'on' exception sites, urls, users etc will be scanned
# This is probably not desirable behavour as exceptions are
# supposed to be trusted and will increase load.
# Correct use of grey lists are a better idea.
# (on|off) default = off
contentscanexceptions = off

# Auth plugins
# These replace the usernameidmethod* options in previous versions. They
# handle the extraction of client usernames from various sources, such as
# Proxy-Authorisation headers and ident servers, enabling requests to be
# handled according to the settings of the user's filter group.
# Multiple plugins can be specified, and will be queried in order until one
# of them either finds a username or throws an error. For example, if Squid
# is configured with both NTLM and Basic auth enabled, and both the 'proxy-basic'
# and 'proxy-ntlm' auth plugins are enabled here, then clients which do not support
# NTLM can fall back to Basic without sacrificing access rights.
# If you do not use multiple filter groups, you need not specify this option.
#authplugin = '/etc/dansguardian/authplugins/proxy-basic.conf'
#authplugin = '/etc/dansguardian/authplugins/proxy-digest.conf'
#authplugin = '/etc/dansguardian/authplugins/proxy-ntlm.conf'
#authplugin = '/etc/dansguardian/authplugins/ident.conf'
#authplugin = '/etc/dansguardian/authplugins/ip.conf'

# Re-check replaced URLs
# As a matter of course, URLs undergo regular expression search/replace (urlregexplist)
# *after* checking the exception site/URL/regexpURL lists, but *before* checking against
# the banned site/URL lists, allowing certain requests that would be matched against the
# latter in their original state to effectively be converted into grey requests.
# With this option enabled, the exception site/URL/regexpURL lists are also re-checked
# after replacement, making it possible for URL replacement to trigger exceptions based
# on them.
# Defaults to off.
recheckreplacedurls = off

# Misc settings

# if on it adds an X-Forwarded-For: <clientip> to the HTTP request
# header. This may help solve some problem sites that need to know the
# source ip. on | off
forwardedfor = off

# if on it uses the X-Forwarded-For: <clientip> to determine the client
# IP. This is for when you have squid between the clients and DansGuardian.
# Warning - headers are easily spoofed. on | off
usexforwardedfor = off

# if on it logs some debug info regarding fork()ing and accept()ing which
# can usually be ignored. These are logged by syslog. It is safe to leave
# it on or off
logconnectionhandlingerrors = on

# Fork pool options

# If on, this causes DG to write to the log file whenever child processes are
# created or destroyed (other than by crashes). This information can help in
# understanding and tuning the following parameters, but is not generally
# useful in production.
logchildprocesshandling = off

# sets the maximum number of processes to spawn to handle the incoming
# connections. Max value usually 250 depending on OS.
# On large sites you might want to try 180.
maxchildren = 120

# sets the minimum number of processes to spawn to handle the incoming connections.
# On large sites you might want to try 32.
minchildren = 8

# sets the minimum number of processes to be kept ready to handle connections.
# On large sites you might want to try 8.
minsparechildren = 4

# sets the minimum number of processes to spawn when it runs out
# On large sites you might want to try 10.
preforkchildren = 6

# sets the maximum number of processes to have doing nothing.
# When this many are spare it will cull some of them.
# On large sites you might want to try 64.
maxsparechildren = 32

# sets the maximum age of a child process before it croaks it.
# This is the number of connections they handle before exiting.
# On large sites you might want to try 10000.
maxagechildren = 500

# Sets the maximum number client IP addresses allowed to connect at once.
# Use this to set a hard limit on the number of users allowed to concurrently
# browse the web. Set to 0 for no limit, and to disable the IP cache process.
maxips = 0

# Process options
# (Change these only if you really know what you are doing).
# These options allow you to run multiple instances of DansGuardian on a single machine.
# Remember to edit the log file path above also if that is your intention.

# IPC filename
# Defines IPC server directory and filename used to communicate with the log process.
ipcfilename = '/tmp/.dguardianipc'

# URL list IPC filename
# Defines URL list IPC server directory and filename used to communicate with the URL
# cache process.
urlipcfilename = '/tmp/.dguardianurlipc'

# IP list IPC filename
# Defines IP list IPC server directory and filename, for communicating with the client
# IP cache process.
ipipcfilename = '/tmp/.dguardianipipc'

# PID filename
# Defines process id directory and filename.
#pidfilename = '/var/run/'

# Disable daemoning
# If enabled the process will not fork into the background.
# It is not usually advantageous to do this.
# on|off (defaults to off)
nodaemon = off

# Disable logging process
# on|off (defaults to off)
nologger = off

# Enable logging of "ADs" category blocks
# on|off (defaults to off)
logadblocks = off

# Enable logging of client User-Agent
# Some browsers will cause a *lot* of extra information on each line!
# on|off (defaults to off)
loguseragent = off

# Daemon runas user and group
# This is the user that DansGuardian runs as. Normally the user/group nobody.
# Uncomment to use. Defaults to the user set at compile time.
# Temp files created during virus scanning are given owner and group read
# permissions; to use content scanners based on external processes, such as
# clamdscan, the two processes must run with either the same group or user ID.
daemonuser = 'dansguardian'
daemongroup = 'dansguardian'

# Soft restart
# When on this disables the forced killing off all processes in the process group.
# This is not to be confused with the -g run time option - they are not related.
# on|off (defaults to off)
softrestart = off

# Mail program
# Path (sendmail-compatible) email program, with options.
# Not used if usesmtp is disabled (filtergroup specific).
mailer = '/usr/sbin/sendmail -t'

Thanks zoidberg, that solved my question.

Wow, i wasn't expecting such a quick reply. It worked very well. Thanks again!

one more thing... i found it useful to install rapache, so i can easily see any access, and control the web server with a gui.