Can't update from Ubuntu 10.10 to the latest!

Asked by Amir Hossein on 2020-05-16

Hello
I can't update Ubuntu 10.10 to latest!
Ican't install or update anything in Software Center!!
The firefox browser(default browser) is too old!
What can i do???

Question information

Language:
English Edit question
Status:
Open
For:
Ubuntu software-center Edit question
Assignee:
No assignee Edit question
Last query:
2020-05-21
Last reply:
2020-05-21

This question was reopened

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #1

Support for Ubuntu 10.10 has ended eight years ago, and an attempt to upgrade the release requires certain tricks and workarounds, because the software repositories for that release do not exist any more. See also https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Releases

The fastest possibility to reach a supported Ubuntu release probably is a new installation of Ubuntu 20.04 or 18.04, provided that the minimum hardware requirements are met.

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #2

I have an old Laptop(HP NX7010) and the newest version of the Ubuntu is not supported! It has a GB Of RAM and 1.7ghz cpu and it ran very great with Ubuntu 10.10.
So, what can i do?!? the latest Ubuntu needs at least 2gb of ram! so i think to install Lubuntu or Linux lite os... do thay have life time?!
i need to install the latest version of the Chrome or Firefox on it! please help me.

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #3

First question to be answered: is the CPU capable of 64bit addressing, or only 32bit?

When you execute the command

lscpu

and check the output, probably the second line should read "CPU op-mode(s)". Which op-modes does it show?

Lubuntu has been designed with emphasis on low capacity consumption. You could give it a try.

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #4

first at all: I think there are a few apps can installed in Lubuntu! ex: Firefox is only browser! or something else!
can i download the other apps?! it's important to install the latest version of them!
that's too bad and not understandable that i cant install any apps, even the downloaded .deb and .rpm into my Unbuntu 10.10!!! look at windows xp! the Microsoft finished supporting but you can install lots of the apps and not limited!
But about your first question: i'll answer you tomorrow but i suggest it's 32bit

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #5

In general it is possible to manually download and install applications to your outdated Ubuntu 10.10 installation.
The automatic dependency resolver, however, does not work any more.

In my opinion it does not make sense, because such system may be vulnerable to security risks, because the operating system did not receive any error corrections for recent vulnerabilities (shellshock, heartbleed, poodle, krack, meltdown, spectre ...)

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #6

i have downloaded and installed GoogleChrome.deb and dbl clicked. the Software Center opened and there was error in the Software center:
internal error
the file .................................................... couldnot be opened!!!

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #7

What is the output of the commands

uname -a
lsb_release -crid

and what is the full file name of the google chrome .deb file?

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #8

first command:
Linux mahdi-compaq-nx7010-DU394A-ABB 2.6.35-22-generic #33-Ubuntu SMP Sun Sep 19
20:34:50 UTC 2010 i686 GNU/Linux
second command:
Destribiter ID: Ubuntu
Description: Ubuntu 10.10
Release :10.10
Codename: maverick

Google Chrome file name:
google-chrome-stable-current_×86_×64.rpm
google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #9

The operating system that you have installed is the 32bit variant.
google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb is the 64bit variant, that does not work on your system (cannot even be installed).

According to the Intel webpage, the CPU in Compaq NX7010 systems is limited to 32bit addressing.

I do not see any future for that device.

The only reasonable action that you can do is a new installation of a supported operating system, but also there you are limited to 32bit adressing, and some software is not provided for 32bit any more (e.g. Google Chrome from the Google web pages,
see e.g. https://groups.google.com/a/chromium.org/forum/#!topic/chromium-dev/FoE6sL-p6oU )

If you want to install Ubuntu on that device, then I recommend
Lubuntu 18.04 Desktop 32bit from https://lubuntu.me/downloads/

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #10

i think there are a few and limited apps for Lubuntu?!

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #11

"i think there are a few and limited apps for Lubuntu?!"

Who told that?
Whantever software package is available for Ubuntu, can also be installed on Lubuntu, Xubuntu, Kubuntu ...

Limiting factor in any case will be your hardware with its limited capabilities.

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #12

EX: can i install the latest version of Google Chrome on my Lubuntu? i heared about LinuxLiteOs. which is better?
is the Lubuntu up to date?

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #13

"can i install the latest version of Google Chrome on my Lubuntu"

No, you cannot install the latest version of Google Chrome on your hardware, no matter which operating system you install. The latest version of Google Chrome needs a processor with 64bit capabilities, and your hardware does not have that.

What you can do is installing Lubuntu 18.04 32bit and the chromium-browser from the Ubuntu repositories. This delivers nearly the same.

(And I do not know anything about Linux Lite except that it is based on Ubuntu.)

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #14

in the https://docs.lubuntu.net/lubuntu_applications page, in Internet title, there is Firefox, is it the latest version?

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #16

is the 18.04 version the latest of 32 bit??? the 19.04 is 62bit!

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #17

The version of Firefox that is provided for all Ubuntu versions including Lubuntu is regularly updated, following the publications of Mozilla (with a slight delay). Currently there is for *buntu:
Firefox 76.0.1+build1
Similar for Chromium-browser (similar to Google Chrome): currently 81.0.4044.138
You have to periodically install updates to get the newest ones and also to receive other error corrections.

The naming i386 and i686 does not make any difference. Both reflect the same: A processor based on Intel's architecture in 32bit mode. (The other variant is amd64, also named x86_64, which is for the 64bit mode, and also there it does not matter whether the manufacturer of the chip is AMD or Intel). These names go back to the historical development of the Linux operating systems.

I recommend that you use LTS (=long term support) versions of Ubuntu, and 18.04 LTS is the last one that comes with an installer for 32bit. 18.04 will be supported until April 2023.

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #18

is there LTS to Lubuntu?

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #19

see https://lubuntu.me/downloads/ below the heading "Release cycle (and other downloads)" for the different releases

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #20

should i download 18.04.4 Bionic Beaver LTS (LXDE)???

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #21

Yes, that is what in my opinion makes most sense.
If you have data on the system that you want to keep, then you should make backup copies to an external storage medium first.

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #22

which one to download in this url?

http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/lubuntu/releases/18.04/release/

the lubuntu website is unavaliable in our region

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #24

in lubuntu website, the size is about 700MB and in the ubuntu iso image website, it's more than 1GB

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #25

The "alternate" installer is 700 MB and the "desktop" installer is 1.1 GB

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #26

what's the difference between Alternate and desktop version?

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #27

see my comment #23 and https://askubuntu.com/a/6181

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #28

booted and clicked on language then click the install. it hanged for 2 mins and showed the following message:
WARNING: PAE disabled.
Use parameter 'forcepae' to enable at your own risk!
This kernel requires the following features not present on the CPU.
Unable to boot - please use kernel appropriate for your CPU.

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #29

booted and chose the language, click on install, it hanged about 2 mins and an error:
WARNING: PAE disabled.
Use parameter 'forcepae' to enable at your own risk!
This kernel requires the following features not present on the CPU.
Unable to boot - please use kernel appropriate for your CPU.

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #30

It seems that your hardware does not meet the minimum requirements for the operating system that you tried installing.
Which version did you try to install?

Maybe it works with
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/lubuntu/releases/18.04/release/lubuntu-18.04-desktop-i386.iso

Eventually you can go back to Lubuntu 16.04 , e.g. trying
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/lubuntu/releases/16.04/release/lubuntu-16.04-desktop-i386.iso

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #31

18.04.4

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #32

Try the "...18.04-desktop" variant instead of "...18.04.4-desktop"

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #33

I have searched the web a bit further.

All new versions of the kernel delivered with Ubuntu require that the processor has PAE capabilities (or is 64bit). Some older Pentium processors do have PAE, but do not inform the system about this. Maybe yours is one of them, and that would give more possibilities for Installing Ubuntu than a CPU without PAE.

What is the exact spacification of your CPU?

Please provide the output of the command
lscpu

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #34

pentium M!

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #35

"Pentium M" is a family of CPUs, and for knowing the capabilities the full details are required.

Please provide the full and unedited output of the command
lscpu

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #36

i have installed the lubuntu, but when i boot up, the ubuntu starts!

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #37

the gnu grub shows but the lubuntu isn't in the list

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #38

how to remove ubuntu

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #39

Do you see Ubuntu in the grub menu?
What happens if you select that?
Can you log in? If yes, what Output do you then get from the command "lsb_release -crid"?

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #40

yes
if i click on ubuntu, the ubuntu starts!

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #41

and inside Ubuntu, what output do you get for
lsb_release -crid
?

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #42

i want to reinstall it!
in rhe partition disk, it messages: no root file system defined!(i use alternative setup)

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #43

Before you start installing a new Ubuntu system, you have to make sure that your hardware has the required capabilities.
Which CPU model do you have, does it have PAE capabilities (eventually not shown)?

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #44

i used forcepae -- forcepae to boot option, it works after a moment. and now i'm installing it

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #45

i have installed it completely and i'm typing with Lubuntu Firefox browser! how can i find software center???

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #46

and how to add a keyboard language?

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #47

i think the sound card driver is not detected

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #48

please answer me

Manfred Hampl (m-hampl) said : #49

What are your current questions where you need answers?

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #50

sound problem!
No sound driver found in volume manager!
even when i connect the headphone, nothing to hear!
and when I work awhile, the system goes black! and freezes

Amir Hossein (abozorgi80) said : #51

sound problem resolved!

Can you help with this problem?

Provide an answer of your own, or ask Amir Hossein for more information if necessary.

To post a message you must log in.