glance index Failed to show index. Got error: You are not authenticated. Details: 401 Unauthorized This server could not verify that you are authorized to access the document you requested. Either you supplied the wrong credentials (e

Asked by Thiruselvan on 2012-06-15

root@selvan:~# glance index
Failed to show index. Got error:
You are not authenticated.
Details: 401 Unauthorized

This server could not verify that you are authorized to access the document you requested. Either you supplied the wrong credentials (e.g., bad password), or your browser does not understand how to supply the credentials required.

 Authentication required

passing the keystone user/password

export OS_TENANT_NAME=admin
export OS_USERNAME=admin
export OS_PASSWORD=hastexo
export OS_AUTH_URL="http://localhost:5000/v2.0/"

glance-api.conf
------------------------------

[DEFAULT]
# Show more verbose log output (sets INFO log level output)
verbose = True

# Show debugging output in logs (sets DEBUG log level output)
debug = False

# Which backend store should Glance use by default is not specified
# in a request to add a new image to Glance? Default: 'file'
# Available choices are 'file', 'swift', and 's3'
default_store = file

# Address to bind the API server
bind_host = 0.0.0.0

# Port the bind the API server to
bind_port = 9292

# Log to this file. Make sure you do not set the same log
# file for both the API and registry servers!
log_file = /var/log/glance/api.log

# Backlog requests when creating socket
backlog = 4096

# Number of Glance API worker processes to start.
# On machines with more than one CPU increasing this value
# may improve performance (especially if using SSL with
# compression turned on). It is typically recommended to set
# this value to the number of CPUs present on your machine.
workers = 0

# Role used to identify an authenticated user as administrator
#admin_role = admin

# ================= Syslog Options ============================

# Send logs to syslog (/dev/log) instead of to file specified
# by `log_file`
use_syslog = False

# Facility to use. If unset defaults to LOG_USER.
# syslog_log_facility = LOG_LOCAL0

# ================= SSL Options ===============================

# Certificate file to use when starting API server securely
# cert_file = /path/to/certfile

# Private key file to use when starting API server securely
# key_file = /path/to/keyfile

# ================= Security Options ==========================

# AES key for encrypting store 'location' metadata, including
# -- if used -- Swift or S3 credentials
# Should be set to a random string of length 16, 24 or 32 bytes
# metadata_encryption_key = <16, 24 or 32 char registry metadata key>

# ============ Registry Options ===============================

# Address to find the registry server
registry_host = 0.0.0.0

# Port the registry server is listening on
registry_port = 9191

# What protocol to use when connecting to the registry server?
# Set to https for secure HTTP communication
registry_client_protocol = http

# The path to the key file to use in SSL connections to the
# registry server, if any. Alternately, you may set the
# GLANCE_CLIENT_KEY_FILE environ variable to a filepath of the key file
# registry_client_key_file = /path/to/key/file

# The path to the cert file to use in SSL connections to the
# registry server, if any. Alternately, you may set the
# GLANCE_CLIENT_CERT_FILE environ variable to a filepath of the cert file
# registry_client_cert_file = /path/to/cert/file

# The path to the certifying authority cert file to use in SSL connections
# to the registry server, if any. Alternately, you may set the
# GLANCE_CLIENT_CA_FILE environ variable to a filepath of the CA cert file
# registry_client_ca_file = /path/to/ca/file

# ============ Notification System Options =====================

# Notifications can be sent when images are create, updated or deleted.
# There are three methods of sending notifications, logging (via the
# log_file directive), rabbit (via a rabbitmq queue), qpid (via a Qpid
# message queue), or noop (no notifications sent, the default)
notifier_strategy = noop

# Configuration options if sending notifications via rabbitmq (these are
# the defaults)
rabbit_host = localhost
rabbit_port = 5672
rabbit_use_ssl = false
rabbit_userid = guest
rabbit_password = guest
rabbit_virtual_host = /
rabbit_notification_exchange = glance
rabbit_notification_topic = glance_notifications

# Configuration options if sending notifications via Qpid (these are
# the defaults)
qpid_notification_exchange = glance
qpid_notification_topic = glance_notifications
qpid_host = localhost
qpid_port = 5672
qpid_username =
qpid_password =
qpid_sasl_mechanisms =
qpid_reconnect_timeout = 0
qpid_reconnect_limit = 0
qpid_reconnect_interval_min = 0
qpid_reconnect_interval_max = 0
qpid_reconnect_interval = 0
qpid_heartbeat = 5
# Set to 'ssl' to enable SSL
qpid_protocol = tcp
qpid_tcp_nodelay = True

# ============ Filesystem Store Options ========================

# Directory that the Filesystem backend store
# writes image data to
filesystem_store_datadir = /var/lib/glance/images/

# ============ Swift Store Options =============================

# Version of the authentication service to use
# Valid versions are '2' for keystone and '1' for swauth and rackspace
swift_store_auth_version = 2

# Address where the Swift authentication service lives
# Valid schemes are 'http://' and 'https://'
# If no scheme specified, default to 'https://'
# For swauth, use something like '127.0.0.1:8080/v1.0/'
swift_store_auth_address = 127.0.0.1:35357/v2.0/

# User to authenticate against the Swift authentication service
# If you use Swift authentication service, set it to 'account':'user'
# where 'account' is a Swift storage account and 'user'
# is a user in that account
swift_store_user = jdoe:jdoe

# Auth key for the user authenticating against the
# Swift authentication service
swift_store_key = a86850deb2742ec3cb41518e26aa2d89

# Container within the account that the account should use
# for storing images in Swift
swift_store_container = glance

# Do we create the container if it does not exist?
swift_store_create_container_on_put = False

# What size, in MB, should Glance start chunking image files
# and do a large object manifest in Swift? By default, this is
# the maximum object size in Swift, which is 5GB
swift_store_large_object_size = 5120

# When doing a large object manifest, what size, in MB, should
# Glance write chunks to Swift? This amount of data is written
# to a temporary disk buffer during the process of chunking
# the image file, and the default is 200MB
swift_store_large_object_chunk_size = 200

# Whether to use ServiceNET to communicate with the Swift storage servers.
# (If you aren't RACKSPACE, leave this False!)
#
# To use ServiceNET for authentication, prefix hostname of
# `swift_store_auth_address` with 'snet-'.
# Ex. https://example.com/v1.0/ -> https://snet-example.com/v1.0/
swift_enable_snet = False

# ============ S3 Store Options =============================

# Address where the S3 authentication service lives
# Valid schemes are 'http://' and 'https://'
# If no scheme specified, default to 'http://'
s3_store_host = 127.0.0.1:8080/v1.0/

# User to authenticate against the S3 authentication service
s3_store_access_key = <20-char AWS access key>

# Auth key for the user authenticating against the
# S3 authentication service
s3_store_secret_key = <40-char AWS secret key>

# Container within the account that the account should use
# for storing images in S3. Note that S3 has a flat namespace,
# so you need a unique bucket name for your glance images. An
# easy way to do this is append your AWS access key to "glance".
# S3 buckets in AWS *must* be lowercased, so remember to lowercase
# your AWS access key if you use it in your bucket name below!
s3_store_bucket = <lowercased 20-char aws access key>glance

# Do we create the bucket if it does not exist?
s3_store_create_bucket_on_put = False

# When sending images to S3, the data will first be written to a
# temporary buffer on disk. By default the platform's temporary directory
# will be used. If required, an alternative directory can be specified here.
# s3_store_object_buffer_dir = /path/to/dir

# ============ RBD Store Options =============================

# Ceph configuration file path
# If using cephx authentication, this file should
# include a reference to the right keyring
# in a client.<USER> section
rbd_store_ceph_conf = /etc/ceph/ceph.conf

# RADOS user to authenticate as (only applicable if using cephx)
rbd_store_user = glance

# RADOS pool in which images are stored
rbd_store_pool = images

# Images will be chunked into objects of this size (in megabytes).
# For best performance, this should be a power of two
rbd_store_chunk_size = 8

# ============ Delayed Delete Options =============================

# Turn on/off delayed delete
delayed_delete = False

# Delayed delete time in seconds
scrub_time = 43200

# Directory that the scrubber will use to remind itself of what to delete
# Make sure this is also set in glance-scrubber.conf
scrubber_datadir = /var/lib/glance/scrubber

# =============== Image Cache Options =============================

# Base directory that the Image Cache uses
image_cache_dir = /var/lib/glance/image-cache/

[paste_deploy]
flavor = keystone
glance-api-paste.ini
----------------------------
# Default minimal pipeline
[pipeline:glance-api]
pipeline = versionnegotiation context apiv1app

# Use the following pipeline for keystone auth
# i.e. in glance-api.conf:
# [paste_deploy]
# flavor = keystone
#
[pipeline:glance-api-keystone]
pipeline = versionnegotiation authtoken context apiv1app

# Use the following pipeline to enable transparent caching of image files
# i.e. in glance-api.conf:
# [paste_deploy]
# flavor = caching
#
[pipeline:glance-api-caching]
pipeline = versionnegotiation context cache apiv1app

# Use the following pipeline for keystone auth with caching
# i.e. in glance-api.conf:
# [paste_deploy]
# flavor = keystone+caching
#
[pipeline:glance-api-keystone+caching]
pipeline = versionnegotiation authtoken context cache apiv1app

# Use the following pipeline to enable the Image Cache Management API
# i.e. in glance-api.conf:
# [paste_deploy]
# flavor = cachemanagement
#
[pipeline:glance-api-cachemanagement]
pipeline = versionnegotiation context cache cachemanage apiv1app

# Use the following pipeline for keystone auth with cache management
# i.e. in glance-api.conf:
# [paste_deploy]
# flavor = keystone+cachemanagement
#
[pipeline:glance-api-keystone+cachemanagement]
pipeline = versionnegotiation authtoken context cache cachemanage apiv1app

[app:apiv1app]
paste.app_factory = glance.common.wsgi:app_factory
glance.app_factory = glance.api.v1.router:API

[filter:versionnegotiation]
paste.filter_factory = glance.common.wsgi:filter_factory
glance.filter_factory = glance.api.middleware.version_negotiation:VersionNegotiationFilter

[filter:cache]
paste.filter_factory = glance.common.wsgi:filter_factory
glance.filter_factory = glance.api.middleware.cache:CacheFilter

[filter:cachemanage]
paste.filter_factory = glance.common.wsgi:filter_factory
glance.filter_factory = glance.api.middleware.cache_manage:CacheManageFilter

[filter:context]
paste.filter_factory = glance.common.wsgi:filter_factory
glance.filter_factory = glance.common.context:ContextMiddleware

[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
service_protocol = http
service_host = 127.0.0.1
service_port = 5000
auth_host = 127.0.0.1
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_uri = http://127.0.0.1:5000/
admin_tenant_name = %service%
admin_user = %glance%
admin_password = %hastexo%

Question information

Language:
English Edit question
Status:
Solved
For:
Glance Edit question
Assignee:
No assignee Edit question
Solved by:
Thiruselvan
Solved:
2012-06-21
Last query:
2012-06-21
Last reply:
smallma (s-rain) said : #1

Hello Thiruselvan,
    Can you paste endpoint, tenant, role, service and user list? Please check if glance endpoint is http://glanceIP:9292/v1 or not.

Best,
Rain

Thiruselvan (thirulic) said : #2

Dear Rain,

export OS_TENANT_NAME=service
export OS_USERNAME=glance
export OS_PASSWORD=hastexo
export OS_AUTH_URL="http://localhost:5000/v2.0/"

Endpoint.sh
================

#!/bin/sh

# Author: Martin Gerhard Loschwitz
# (c) 2012 hastexo Professional Services GmbH

# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
#
# On Debian-based systems the full text of the Apache version 2.0
# license can be found in `/usr/share/common-licenses/Apache-2.0'.

# MySQL definitions
MYSQL_USER=keystone
MYSQL_DATABASE=keystone
MYSQL_HOST=localhost

# other definitions
MASTER=localhost

while getopts "u:D:p:m:K:R:E:S:T:vh" opt; do
  case $opt in
    u)
      MYSQL_USER=$OPTARG
      ;;
    D)
      MYSQL_DATABASE=$OPTARG
      ;;
    p)
      MYSQL_PASSWORD=$OPTARG
      ;;
    m)
      MYSQL_HOST=$OPTARG
      ;;
    K)
      MASTER=$OPTARG
      ;;
    R)
      KEYSTONE_REGION=$OPTARG
      ;;
    E)
      export SERVICE_ENDPOINT=$OPTARG
      ;;
    S)
      SWIFT_MASTER=$OPTARG
      ;;
    T)
      export SERVICE_TOKEN=$OPTARG
      ;;
    v)
      set -x
      ;;
    h)
      cat <<EOF
Usage: $0 [-m mysql_hostname] [-u mysql_username] [-D mysql_database] [-p mysql_password]
       [-K keystone_master ] [ -R keystone_region ] [ -E keystone_endpoint_url ]
       [ -S swift_master ] [ -T keystone_token ]

Add -v for verbose mode, -h to display this message.
EOF
      exit 0
      ;;
    \?)
      echo "Unknown option -$OPTARG" >&2
      exit 1
      ;;
    :)
      echo "Option -$OPTARG requires an argument" >&2
      exit 1
      ;;
  esac
done

if [ -z "$KEYSTONE_REGION" ]; then
  echo "Keystone region not set. Please set with -R option or set KEYSTONE_REGION variable." >&2
  missing_args="true"
fi

if [ -z "$SERVICE_TOKEN" ]; then
  echo "Keystone service token not set. Please set with -T option or set SERVICE_TOKEN variable." >&2
  missing_args="true"
fi

if [ -z "$SERVICE_ENDPOINT" ]; then
  echo "Keystone service endpoint not set. Please set with -E option or set SERVICE_ENDPOINT variable." >&2
  missing_args="true"
fi

if [ -z "$MYSQL_PASSWORD" ]; then
  echo "MySQL password not set. Please set with -p option or set MYSQL_PASSWORD variable." >&2
  missing_args="true"
fi

if [ -n "$missing_args" ]; then
  exit 1
fi

keystone service-create --name nova --type compute --description 'OpenStack Compute Service'
keystone service-create --name volume --type volume --description 'OpenStack Volume Service'
keystone service-create --name glance --type image --description 'OpenStack Image Service'
keystone service-create --name swift --type object-store --description 'OpenStack Storage Service'
keystone service-create --name keystone --type identity --description 'OpenStack Identity'
keystone service-create --name ec2 --type ec2 --description 'OpenStack EC2 service'

create_endpoint () {
  case $1 in
    compute)
    keystone endpoint-create --region $KEYSTONE_REGION --service_id $2 --publicurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8774/v2/%(tenant_id)s' --adminurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8774/v2/%(tenant_id)s' --internalurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8774/v2/%(tenant_id)s'
    ;;
    volume)
    keystone endpoint-create --region $KEYSTONE_REGION --service_id $2 --publicurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8776/v1/%(tenant_id)s' --adminurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8776/v1/%(tenant_id)s' --internalurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8776/v1/%(tenant_id)s'
    ;;
    image)
    keystone endpoint-create --region $KEYSTONE_REGION --service_id $2 --publicurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':9292/v1' --adminurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':9292/v1' --internalurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':9292/v1'
    ;;
    object-store)
    if [ $SWIFT_MASTER ]; then
      keystone endpoint-create --region $KEYSTONE_REGION --service_id $2 --publicurl 'http://'"$SWIFT_MASTER"':8080/v1/AUTH_%(tenant_id)s' --adminurl 'http://'"$SWIFT_MASTER"':8080/v1' --internalurl 'http://'"$SWIFT_MASTER"':8080/v1/AUTH_%(tenant_id)s'
    else
      keystone endpoint-create --region $KEYSTONE_REGION --service_id $2 --publicurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8080/v1/AUTH_%(tenant_id)s' --adminurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8080/v1' --internalurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8080/v1/AUTH_%(tenant_id)s'
    fi
    ;;
    identity)
    keystone endpoint-create --region $KEYSTONE_REGION --service_id $2 --publicurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':5000/v2.0' --adminurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':35357/v2.0' --internalurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':5000/v2.0'
    ;;
    ec2)
    keystone endpoint-create --region $KEYSTONE_REGION --service_id $2 --publicurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8773/services/Cloud' --adminurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8773/services/Admin' --internalurl 'http://'"$MASTER"':8773/services/Cloud'
    ;;
  esac
}

for i in compute volume image object-store identity ec2; do
  id=`mysql -h "$MYSQL_HOST" -u "$MYSQL_USER" -p"$MYSQL_PASSWORD" "$MYSQL_DATABASE" -ss -e "SELECT id FROM service WHERE type='"$i"';"` || exit 1
  create_endpoint $i $id
done

Regards,
Thiruselvan S

smallma (s-rain) said : #3

Hello Thiruselvan,
     The endpoint seems ok. Can you paste tenant list, user list and role list ?

Best,
Rain.

Thiruselvan (thirulic) said : #4

Dear Rain,

Tenant List
===========

root@selvan:~# keystone tenant-list
+----------------------------------+--------------------+---------+
| id | name | enabled |
+----------------------------------+--------------------+---------+
| 78fc9086ae9949ddabc642fca69edb9a | admin | True |
| e0f1db21d89846cfa13ded0ff256a1f2 | demo | True |
| e8459b87b2af45acb7ab620e280eaac0 | service | True |
| fdcbc237a0734163858e6726d360198b | invisible_to_admin | True |
+----------------------------------+--------------------+---------+

user-list
=======

root@selvan:~# keystone user-list
+----------------------------------+---------+--------------------+--------+
| id | enabled | email | name |
+----------------------------------+---------+--------------------+--------+
| 038efe0669a64c7abc98fb04a695336a | True | <email address hidden> | swift |
| 1e312765ceea4ad6b66e0eefa7b5361d | True | <email address hidden> | glance |
| 2892caf2ca3b40068dc66ff173a23cc9 | True | <email address hidden> | nova |
| d3392206967f4a75804de13233a8d531 | True | <email address hidden> | admin |
| fdcb30c07c1a42acbd3a19525348dc4d | True | <email address hidden> | demo |
+----------------------------------+---------+--------------------+--------+

role list
============

root@selvan:~# keystone role list
usage: keystone [--os_username <auth-user-name>]
                [--os_password <auth-password>]
                [--os_tenant_name <auth-tenant-name>]
                [--os_tenant_id <tenant-id>] [--os_auth_url <auth-url>]
                [--os_region_name <region-name>]
                [--os_identity_api_version <identity-api-version>]
                [--token <service-token>] [--endpoint <service-endpoint>]
                [--username <auth-user-name>] [--password <auth-password>]
                [--tenant_name <tenant-name>] [--auth_url <auth-url>]
                [--region_name <region-name>]
                <subcommand> ...
keystone: error: argument <subcommand>: invalid choice: 'role' (choose from 'catalog', 'ec2-credentials-create', 'ec2-credentials-delete', 'ec2-credentials-get', 'ec2-credentials-list', 'endpoint-create', 'endpoint-delete', 'endpoint-get', 'endpoint-list', 'role-create', 'role-delete', 'role-get', 'role-list', 'service-create', 'service-delete', 'service-get', 'service-list', 'tenant-create', 'tenant-delete', 'tenant-get', 'tenant-list', 'tenant-update', 'token-get', 'user-create', 'user-delete', 'user-get', 'user-list', 'user-password-update', 'user-role-add', 'user-role-remove', 'user-update', 'discover', 'help')

Regards,
Thiruselvan S

smallma (s-rain) said : #5

Hello Thiruselvan,
   you should execute "glance role-list". Did you execute "keystone user-role-add" ? Maybe tenant, role and user do not combine. Please check again. And try to modify the following info in glance-api.conf.

[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
service_protocol = http
service_host = 127.0.0.1
service_port = 5000
auth_host = 127.0.0.1
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_uri = http://127.0.0.1:5000/
admin_tenant_name = xxxxx
admin_user = xxxxx
admin_password = xxxxx
admin_token = ADMIN

xxxx is physical name, not variable.

PS. Do you install keystone and glance in the same host?

Best,
Rain

Thiruselvan (thirulic) said : #6

Thanks Rain problem solved .

Mukul Jain (mukul-j) said : #7

I am facing similar issue following same instructions as Thiruselvan. First question - I see I have two glance-api.conf on my system. which one do I need to modify ? I am running glance and keystone on the same host.

Mukul Jain (mukul-j) said : #8

Forgot to mention. I dont see the section that you mentioned above [filter] in my /etc/glance/glance-api.conf file..

BTW, I assume you meant "keystone role-list" above, right ?