assemble_system on subdomains

Asked by Shiyuan on 2013-02-09

I am looking at the example demo_subdomains-poisson.py

If we just replace

solve(a==L, u, bcs)

by the algebra formulation, that is,

A,b=assemble_system(a,L,bcs)
solve(A,u,vector(),b)

it gives different results. Can anyone verify that? Aren't these two formulation supposed to give the same result? Thanks.

The program is attached:

from dolfin import *

# Create classes for defining parts of the boundaries and the interior
# of the domain
class Left(SubDomain):
    def inside(self, x, on_boundary):
        return near(x[0], 0.0)

class Right(SubDomain):
    def inside(self, x, on_boundary):
        return near(x[0], 1.0)

class Bottom(SubDomain):
    def inside(self, x, on_boundary):
        return near(x[1], 0.0)

class Top(SubDomain):
    def inside(self, x, on_boundary):
        return near(x[1], 1.0)

class Obstacle(SubDomain):
    def inside(self, x, on_boundary):
        return (between(x[1], (0.5, 0.7)) and between(x[0], (0.2, 1.0)))

# Initialize sub-domain instances
left = Left()
top = Top()
right = Right()
bottom = Bottom()
obstacle = Obstacle()

# Define mesh
mesh = UnitSquareMesh(64, 64)

# Initialize mesh function for interior domains
domains = CellFunction("size_t", mesh)
domains.set_all(0)
obstacle.mark(domains, 1)

# Initialize mesh function for boundary domains
boundaries = FacetFunction("size_t", mesh)
boundaries.set_all(0)
left.mark(boundaries, 1)
top.mark(boundaries, 2)
right.mark(boundaries, 3)
bottom.mark(boundaries, 4)

# Define input data
a0 = Constant(1.0)
a1 = Constant(0.01)
g_L = Expression("- 10*exp(- pow(x[1] - 0.5, 2))")
g_R = Constant("1.0")
f = Constant(1.0)

# Define function space and basis functions
V = FunctionSpace(mesh, "CG", 2)
u = TrialFunction(V)
v = TestFunction(V)

# Define Dirichlet boundary conditions at top and bottom boundaries
bcs = [DirichletBC(V, 5.0, boundaries, 2),
       DirichletBC(V, 0.0, boundaries, 4)]

# Define new measures associated with the interior domains and
# exterior boundaries
dx = Measure("dx")[domains]
ds = Measure("ds")[boundaries]

# Define variational form
F = (inner(a0*grad(u), grad(v))*dx(0) + inner(a1*grad(u), grad(v))*dx(1)
     - g_L*v*ds(1) - g_R*v*ds(3)
     - f*v*dx(0) - f*v*dx(1))

# Separate left and right hand sides of equation
a, L = lhs(F), rhs(F)

# Solve problem
u = Function(V)
#solve(a == L, u, bcs)
A,b=assemble_system(a,L,bcs)
solve(A,u.vector(),b)

# Evaluate integral of normal gradient over top boundary
n = FacetNormal(mesh)
m1 = dot(grad(u), n)*ds(2)
v1 = assemble(m1)
print "\int grad(u) * n ds(2) = ", v1

# Evaluate integral of u over the obstacle
m2 = u*dx(1)
v2 = assemble(m2)
print "\int u dx(1) = ", v2

# Plot solution and gradient
plot(u, title="u")
plot(grad(u), title="Projected grad(u)")
interactive()

Question information

Language:
English Edit question
Status:
Answered
For:
DOLFIN Edit question
Assignee:
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Last query:
2013-02-09
Last reply:
2013-02-11
Johannes Ring (johannr) said : #1

Yes, I can confirm this for DOLFIN 1.1.0. Please report a bug.

It works fine with current trunk.

Johannes Ring (johannr) said : #2

I see you have already made a bug report.

Jan Blechta (blechta) said : #3

Until the bug is fixed you can workaround this by explicitly passing cell_domains to assemble_system() method:
 A,b=assemble_system(a,L,bcs, cell_domains=domains)

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